Buckthorn or black Wood
Frangula alnus

shrub of the family Rhamnaceae (Nerprun)

Origin: Europe.
Habitat: Buckthorn prefers very humid soils.
Height: shrub, fragile wood.
Smooth grey blackish bark.
Deciduous foliage. Leaves alternate, entire, rounded, not toothed, very shining on the underside; 12 pairs of visible, parallel regular veins on the underside.
Pale green tiny flowers which appear to the axil of leaves.
Fruits: small red then black berries.
Use: decorative garden shrub; the bark dried out has purgative properties. Some parts are dangerous.


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