Other chestnut trees

Chestnut trees of America: Aesculus flava, A. glabra, A. pavia and A. sylvatica

Yellow chestnut tree, yellow Pavier, Aesculus flava, = A. octandra, = A. lutea

Origin: Georgia, Alabama, East of the United States, mountains Appalachians, Pennsylvania. Introduced into Europe in 1764.
Lifespan: 200 years.
Habitat: the yellow Chestnut tree is tolerant (shade or sunlight). It appreciates a well-drained soil.
Height: 25 m in its origin country, 15 m outside.
Trunk: robust, right.
Shape: in its origin country, its form is rounded. When it is transplanted outside its original area, Flava has a pyramidal form.
Dark grey bark.
Deciduous foliage. Leaves are opposed, big (30-50 cm), provided with a long petiole, webbed, 5 oblong leaflets from 10 to 15 cm in length, dark green over, paler underwear. They turn to the tawny in autumn but they fall early.

Flowers: the yellow chestnut trees carry flowers in May, upright panicles . They have a form of finger or of bluebell flower. They distinguish themselves from the flower of chestnut tree of India by their yellowish colour clearly, veined of crimson reddish-brown.

Fruits: Red 5 to 6 cm diameter, without spines (unlike the fruit of the horse chestnut). The fruits are poisonous to humans. The fruit is the only means of propagation.


Difference Horsechestnut Aesculus flava A. glabra
Size 25 m 25 m 20 m
Bark reddish-brown - ruddy which exfoliate into flakes dark-haired woman
clipped by rhombs.
Leaflets     narrow, sharpened, petiolate
Flowers white yellow, in 15 cm bunch yellow, in 18 cm spike 

Red Buckeye, Aesculus Pavia

Etymology: named in honor of Peter Paaw (died in 1619).
Origin: Southeast of the United States. It was the first Aesculus of North America to be described, in 1696 (Plukenet).
Bush size (6 m) unlike other chestnut trees.

Webbed leaves with 5 leaflets from 8 to 14 cm in length. Each is oblong or elliptical, doubly toothed, beardless, dark green over, paler underside and pubescent in the axil of ribs. Leaflets are embossed and carry a petiole which differentiates them of leaflets of chestnut tree of India.

Flowers of cream or yellow colour, sometimes pink or red. They appear in May, June. Stamens are the same length as the petals.
Fruits: small, protruding, unarmed.

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens has yellow flowers. The stamen is shorter.


Red chestnut tree, Aesculus x carnea

Hybrid of crossing (chestnut tree of India x pavia)
Lifespan: 150 years.
Habitat: the red Chestnut tree prefers sunny position or half shade. It must be watered at dry period.
Height: 25 m tall.
Trunk: robust, right.
Shape: ovoid or rounded crown.
Blackish bark, gerçurée, scaly.
Foliage: big leaves (but smaller than those of the chestnut tree of India), precocious, formed by 5 or 7 leaflets obovate, erratically toothed, the terminal being bigger than others, of a nice green, glabrous, with brown hair on the underside, along ribs.
Flowers: in upright thyrses, appearing in May, of red colour.
Fruits: Rare Fruits, sun-tanned rufous, prickly sparsely.
Use: trees very decorative.

Cultivar: ' Briotii'
It was obtained from nurseries Trianon at Versailles in 1858. The inflorescences are larger, darker flowers, red blood. It does not bear fruit.

Chestnut tree of the Himalayas,
white flowers and petiolate leaflets.

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